Worldwide, smokeless tobacco comes in many forms, but in the United States there are four primary categories of products:
“Chew” or Chewing Tobacco is shredded tobacco leaves and stems sold as plugs, twists, or loose-leaf. It is heavily flavored and sweetened, is usually placed between the gums and cheek, and produces a lot of “juice” and thus requires spitting.
Moist Snuff or “Dip” is made from fire-cured tobaccos which are fermented and ground up, and then sold loose or in pouches. Moist Snuff is sold in flavors, however it is not sweetened. Users place a “pinch” or a pouch inside the lower lip between the cheek and gum and usually requires spitting.
Swedish Snus (pronounced: snoose) is a version of Moist Snuff developed in Sweden that is pasteurized, rather than fermented, and therefore has a different flavor than American styles of Moist Snuff/Dip. Snus is available in many flavors and is also sold loose or in pouches, and is placed inside the upper lip (instead of the lower lip), and generally does not require spitting.
Nicotine Pouches are almost identical to snus in form and use, but they do not contain any tobacco, and instead use non-tobacco plant matter infused with nicotine and flavorings.